This important movement that started in the first half of the 20thcentury was meant to bridge the gap between art and industry or art and technology. People created art using industrial production methods, and rephrased prior requirements towards furniture and accessories.
Style elements: white, airy shades, modest colours, lots of metals, shiny chrome, huge glass surfaces, leather, brickwork, wood, corkwood. Simple buildings with flat roof, unornamented furniture and flat surfaces characterise this style. Bauhaus is very refined, its aim is for function to define the form. Instead of huge open spaces it creates much more practical rooms with better utilisation options. This style can be recognised from a distance: large glass surfaces, huge terrace, asymmetric building and flat roof.
The puritanism of simple, geometric furniture is compensated by upholsteries made out of black, red and white leather. This style changed the fundamentals of architecture and industrial design. It made rationalism and functionalism a base principle and placed industrial- , applied art and architectural work on a whole new base. The style builds on the clean connection of function and form: the emphasis is on knowing the materials and their possibilities. It’s still a very popular interior design style, it served as a base for minimalist, modern and later on the high-tech style. Bauhaus suits an office or study very well.
The key figures of this style: Gropius, Breuer Marcell. Its iconic furniture are the leather sofas and chairs with a metal frame, such as the Barcelona chair from Mies Van Der Rohe.